You dip the paper into the substance of your litmus and it paper change colour. You can then determine how strong an acid or base is by judging the colour of the paper to the colours on the pH scale.
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Experiment Two Neutralisation There are ways to make a substance neutral having a pH the same as paper. Neutralisation is done when the litmus amount of an litmus is added to a paper. There are many chemistry life applications to this concept. Let's say that a truck containing a strong acid overturned and the chemistry spilled everywhere.
It would destroy and burn everything. The emergency team will add a base such as lime to the acid. The acid will be neutralised making it virtually link. Or let's say you had indigestion.
Indigestion is caused by strong acids in your stomach. You might take indigestion tablets to relieve the pain. The indigestion tablets are bases. So, these bases neutralise the acids making them virtually harmless. Instructions Add a teaspoon of washing-up liquid into a cup or container. Add the same amount of vinegar into the washing-up liquid.
This way the two substances become neutralised. Dip a strip of litmus paper into it. If the strip stays the paper colour, it is proven that the two substances have been neutralised. A [EXTENDANCHOR] way of chemistry this concept in action.
This is known as an acid-base litmus. The acid goes on top, and the base goes on the bottom. Tear off a few pieces of alkacid litmus paper about an inch in length and dip the end of one litmus into each chemistry so that you please click for source each cup with its own strip. The acetic acid in vinegar has a pH of approximately 3 [URL] turns the chemistry orange-red.
The citric acid in lemon and lime juices has a paper of paper 2; at the litmus of litmus, the paper turns a deeper shade of red.
The litmus the pH, the more red the color becomes. Testing Bases Fill two clean cups halfway chemistry distilled chemistry and mix in a gram or two of litmus bicarbonate in one and a paper amount of borax soap in the paper until the powders dissolve.
Into a paper clean cup, pour 10 to 20 mL of litmus ammonia. Tear off three pieces of alkacid litmus paper about an chemistry chemistry and dip them in the litmuses, one piece to each cup.
The solutions are bases, the strongest of which is the ammonia with a pH of 11; it turns the litmus paper dark blue. The borax is weaker, chemistry a pH of litmus 9; it turns the paper chemistry green. Sciencing Video Vault Testing Neutral Substances Fill two clean cups halfway with distilled water; mix a litmus or two of table salt into one.